Mombasa 2012 

ICT and Elections

In the last decade EMBs have increasingly relied on the use of Information Technologies in Electoral processes to improve the accuracy, security and integrity of electoral processes desiring to build confidence in the election’s outcome.

This rise has been particularly noticeable when applied to voter registration and result management and more recently through the introduction of electronic voting.

The idea behind the organization of the workshop was to give electoral management bodies (EMBs), UNDP Country Offices, European Union Delegations, Donors, as well as other stakeholders (IFES, EISA) and civil society the opportunity to share their experiences and lessons learned, and provide participants with comparative information and data, indicative analysis of timelines and costs, allowing them to make an informed decision about and around the possible introduction of technology in electoral processes, and to effectively evaluate the choices available.

More specifically, it reviewed comparatively the use of ICTs in civil and voter registration with a particular focus on the sustainability and effective use of biometrics-recognition systems.

The workshop analyzed possible synergies between civil registration and voter registration, census and other statistical. It therefore tackled the controversial topic of E-Voting, clearing out possible advantages and disadvantages.

Finally the workshop drew attention to ICT related to results management.

As such and in response to the above the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) together with the European Union jointly organized a Thematic Workshop held in Mombasa, Kenya from 5 to the 9 March 2012 hosted by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) of Kenya that gathered over 230 electoral practitioners from over 60 countries to discuss these issues in an open manner without representatives of the vendor community to reflect and assess freely the impact, successes, failures related to the introduction of ICT in electoral process in the past decade.

The workshop adopted a mixed methodology of theory and practice whereby morning sessions looked at general principles and theories while afternoon sessions were dedicated to country-specific case studies.

As such 22 case studies were presented in group sessions and 32 presentations presented in morning plenary sessions.

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CASE STUDIES

  • South Sudan

    Dr. Woda Jago, Assistant Professor at Dr. John Garang Memorial University of Science and Technology; Ajay Patel, Voter Registration and ICT Advisor, UNSMIL Libya
  • Liberia

    Elizabeth Nelson, Acting Chair, National Elections Commission Liberia; Lamin Lighe, Technical Consultant, National Election Commission Liberia
  • Democratic Republic of Congo

    Bechir Bungu, Secretaire Executif National Adjoint, Commission Electorale Nationale Indépendante DRC; Jonathan Seke Mavinga, Supervisor of analyst programmer Independent Electoral Commission DRC; Karine Sahli-Majira, Démographe indépendant
  • Togo

    Sambiani-Konkadja, Président sous-commission Finance et Administration de la Commission Electorale nationale Indépendante Togo
  • Wider policy environment Digital Citizen Documentation

    Niall McCann Senior Electoral Advisor, EC-UNDP Joint Task Force on Electoral Assistance (JTF)
  • From Identity to a voters register

    Louis Lolhe Tart, Démographe indépendant
  • Linkages with civil registry and other potential or existing national databases

    Karine Sahli-Majira, Démographe indépendant
  • Data Protection and Legislation

    Mouhamadou Lo, Président de la Commission de protection des données personnelles du Sénégal
  • Does technology mean the end of national ownership?

    Pontius Namugera, Director Technical Services Electoral Commission of Uganda

CASE STUDIES

  • Ivory Coast

    Adou Antoine, Conseiller Spécial du Président de la Commission Electorale Indépendante de la Côte d’Ivoire; Moktar Lam, Governance Specialist, UNDP Ivory Coast
  • Chad

    Mahamoud Adam Mahamat, Chef division du fichier éléctoral et informatique Commission Electorale Nationale Indépendante Chad; Clement Aganahi Expert Identification Election France
  • Capo Verde

    Guevara Cruz, Business Manager, NOSI Capo Verde
  • Egypt

    Mohamed Mansour, Executive Project Manager, Ministry of State for Administrative Development Egypt

CASE STUDIES

  • Mali

    Abdoul Sy Sady, Chef cellule informatique du Ministère de l’Administration Territoriale et des Collectivités Locales (MATCL)
  • Nepal

    Ayodhee Prasad Yadav, Election Commissioner, Election Commission of Nepal
  • Nigeria

    Chidi Nwafor, Director of INEC’s ICT Department Nigeria
  • Tunisia

    Faycal Sboui, Directeur Commission Nationale Indépendante Tunisia
  • Moldova

    Iurie Ciocan, Chairman, Central Election Commission of Moldova
  • IDEA Publication – Introducing Electronic Voting

    Domenico Tuccinardi, NEEDS Project, Coordinator Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA)
  • Theories/typologies

    Peter Wolf, Technical Manager Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA)
  • Conducting feasibility Studies

    Ronan McDermott, ICT Expert EC-UNDP Joint Task Force on Electoral Assistance (JTF)

CASE STUDIES

  • India

    R. Manoj, Special Officer, Election Commission of India
  • Ireland

    Ronan McDermott, ICT Expert, EC-UNDP Joint Task Force on Electoral Assistance (JTF)
  • Norway

    Henrik Nore, Project manager “E-Vote 2011”, Norvegian Ministry of local government and regional development
  • Philippines

    Lucenito Tagle Commissioner, Commission on Elections Philippines; James Jimenez, Director for Education and Information, Commission on Elections Philippines (JTF)

RESULT MANAGEMENT

CASE STUDIES

  • Kenya

    Immaculate Kassait, Director Voter Registration and Election Operations Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) Kenya; Dismas Ong’ondi – Director ICT, Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) Kenya
  • Ghana

    Franklin Oduro, Head of Research and Programs/ Deputy Director Center for Democratic Development (CDD) Ghana
  • Haiti

    Philippe Augustin, Director of Electoral Registry Electoral Commission Haïti; Roly Davilla, ICT Expert UNDP Haiti
  • Sierra Leone

    Aiah Stephen Mattia, Electoral Commissioner, National Electoral Commission of Sierra Leone
  • Zambia

    Brown Kasaro, Head Information Technology Zambia
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